08 November 2007

Waxhaw Church

Ok, continuing with the Waxhaw tour mentioned last post, we find ourself at this historic gem. As a note, the tour in the book says to turn right on SR 35, this is wrong and you should turn left. The Waxhaw Presbytarian Church was the first church in upstate South Carolina, begun in 1755, and is where Andrew Jackson was Christened. It is also where his parents and brothers are buried, as well as other Revolutionary soldiers including General William Richardson Davie, who will be discussed later. The original church was a wooden structure burned by the British, replaced in 1896 by the current structure seen above.

This is the grave of General William Richardson Davie and his familly. Davie was born in England of Scoth descent, and moved here with his parents in 1764.He graduated from what is now Princeton University in 1776 and served as a Patriot officer in the Waxhaws region for the war. He is perhaps best known for leading the Patriots to victory at the battle of Hanging Rock (post coming soon.) At this time he was shadowed by a young Andrew and Robert Jackson, who he taught soldiering skills. In his later years, Andrew Jackson commented "Davie was the best soldier I have ever known and my best lessons in the art of war were learned from him." After the war, Davie was elected to the Constitutional Convention, where he is reported to have saved it from premature failure by leading the compromise between the larger and smaller states that led to the Senate and House of Representatives. He was also Governor of North Carolina, US envoy to France, and the Father of the University of North Carolina, the first state university in the US.
This is the Revolutionary Memorial Plot, all soldiers of the war. The large statue in back is a DAR marker placed for Andrew Jackson's Mother, Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson. She was delivering food and medicine to Patriot troops on prison ships in Charleston when she caught a fever and died. Also nearby is the grave of Andrew Jackson's father, Andrew Jackson Sr. though I did not find it. He died just days before Andrew was born, and in a strange story of history, his coffin was temporarily "lost" when it fell off the sled it was being carried on and the mourners (too drunk on whiskey) did not notice for a time.
This is the grave of Andrew Pickens Sr, father of General Andrew Pickens Jr., another great name of the Revolution. He is credited as being the "Francis Marion of the Upcountry" where he kept Patriot partisan activity alive when hope of success seemed lost. Among the battles he played a crucial role in were Ninety-Six, the first battle in South Carolina, Eutaw Springs, and Cowpens, perhaps the most famous battle of the Southern Campaign where the feared Banastere Tarleton was finally defeated beyond a shadow of a doubt. General Pickens is buried near Clemson in the upstate.

This is the grave of Hugh jackson, and Robert Jackson below, both brothers of Andrew Jackson. Hugh died in 1780 of battle fatigue, and Robert was with Andrew when both were captured by the British. In their captivity they were beat by British officers for refusing to polish their boots, Andrew receiving scars he would have for life. Robert was so sick and malnourished by the time of their release that he died shortly after returning home. This left Andrew as the only sirvivor of his family.

Text on the monument to Jackson's Mother.
Overview of the cemetary
This marker for Major Crawford's home is just down the road. As a note, the tour in the book continues on to what it calls the Battle of the Waxhaws, but most sources call the battle of Wauchope's (or Wahab's) Plantation. However, due to the lousy directions in the book, I never found it and instead proceeded to Buford's battlefield. If you intend to follow this tourbook (or any tourbook, really) I highly encourage you to map the places out before you go. The internet has made this very, very easy to do.

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