14 June 2008

Greene with envy

Ok, this post is all about Johnson Square, the citys firt square, laid out in 1733. It was named for Robert Johnson, Governor of South Carolina when Georgia was founded. This was also the location of the original well and oven in the city. Above is the tallest office building in the city, at fifteen stories, the First Union Building was built in 1912.

Christ church, built in 1838, but was damaged in the 1897 fire and was repaired to its present appearance.

The colonists placed a sundial here, but it does not say if this one is the original or a reproduction.

Beneath this monument lie the remains of General Nathaniel Greene. Known as the "General from Rhode Island", he was second only to General Washington in the American Revolution. He took this role into such vital battles as Trenton, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth and Springfield. In 1780, after a string of defeats and gone through three incompetant generals in the South, Washington chose Greene to go to South Carolina to defeat the British there. He then devised the strategy of dividing his forces which led to the important victory at Cowpens. Having weakened the British army under Cornwallis, he withdrew to Virginia for a week to await reenforcements, then engaged the British at Guilford Courthouse. While technically a British victory, they were so badly hurt that Cornwallis withdrew to the coast, eventually heading to Yorktown, Virginia. Greene meanwhile, returned to South Carolina and spent the remainder of the war defeating the remaining British troops at such battles as Hobkirk's Hill, Ninety-Six, and Eutaw Springs. His tactics of forcing the British to pay dearly for any victory were the key factors in the complete British withdrawl to the coast, and ultimate defeat. After the war, both Carolinas and Georgia offered him land, and in 1785 he settled at Mulberry Estate, north of Savannah, GA. He died of sunstroke on June 19, 1786, and was originally buried in Colonial Park Cemetary, but in 1902, his body was moved and placed beneth this monument.

No comments: