20 July 2008

The Royal Tannenbaums

Ok, this is the Tannenbaum Historic park, adjacent to Guilford Courthouse National military Park. Built to show backcountry life at the time of the Revolution, it also was the crosroads of battle. The land was owned by the Hoskins family, who left Valley Forge, Pennsylvania in 1778 to escape the Revolution.

Unfortunetly for the Hoskins, their field, seen here, became the ground where the British formed battle lines to attack the Americans on March 15, 1781.

A collection of period flags outside the visitor center. From left to right: British Flag, US "Betsy Ross" Flag, US "Don't Tread On Me" Flag, US Grand Union Flag, and the unique US "Guilford Courthouse" Flag. This flag, recognized by the reversal of colors from a standard US flag (red and blue stripes, blue stars on a white background) and for having eight-pointed stars. While many US flags were used during the Revolution, partially due to lack of central design or standards, many were designed intentionally for use to identify a regiment or army. The Guilford Courthouse flag is believed to have had this purpose, to identify the Granville County Militia. The original is preserved in the North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh, after being donated in 1854. Like most things from the period, the validity of its use and origin is questioned, but its symbolism for the Revolution and Guilford in particular is legendary.
Musket balls found on the battlefield, next to a reproduction of a map created for Banastre Tarleton following the battle.
A series of large paintings in the visitor center. In this one, the Maryland regiment attacks the British right to fill the breach in the American line.
The British form lines on the Hoskins farm to assault the American's first line.
General Greene addresses his troops before the battle. Note the Guilford Flag.

A large diorama, not really to scale, gives an overall feel of the 1781 battlefield. Here the British leave the Hoskins farm in their assault on the militia of the first American line.
Here the British tangle with the Virginia militia of the second line in the dense woods.
And finally, the British assault on the Continental troops of the third line, with the courthouse in the background.

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